At 31 December 2016 the Group had 3,261 employees.

The following tables show the percentage breakdown of the workforce according to gender, age, area of activity and qualification.

Workforce by age

Italy2016of which Womenof which Men
less than 30 years2%64%36%
from 30 to 50 years68%61%39%
over 50 years30%58%42%

France2016of which Womenof which Men
less than 30 years7%66%34%
from 30 to 50 years65%62%38%
over 50 years28%63%37%

Workforce according to business 2016

Italy% of totalof which Womenof which Men
Headquarters15%51%49%
Books31%64%36%
Magazines25%67%33%
Retail20%58%42%
Digital9%48%52%

France% of totalof which Womenof which Men
Headquarters25%59%41%
Magazines57%62%38%
Digital5%50%50%
Advertising13%75%25%

All employees in Italy are covered by three types of collective labour agreements: graphics publishing, journalist and sales contracts.

Mondadori France employees are also protected by national contracts: the two types of contracts (middle managers and office workers) offered by magazine press publishers, the journalists’ contract and the Nationale Syntec, the national collective contract for engineering firms, engineering and business consultancy practices and companies (applied to NaturaBuy employees).

Collective labour agreements 2016

Italy% of totalof which Womenof which Men
Graphics publihing ¹64%61%39%
Journalists12%70%30%
Sales24%52%48%

¹ including industry executives

France% of totalof which Womenof which Men
Employés des Editeurs de presse Magazine12%78%22%
Cadres des Editeurs de presse Magazine37%65%35%
Nationale Syntec1%20%80%
Journalistes50%58%42%

98.5% of employee contracts in Italy are permanent. The percentage of fixed-term contracts is slightly higher in France, 4.1%: CDD (Contract Duration Determinée) are temporary 18-month contracts that can be extended up to a maximum of 36 months.

Permanent and temporary contracts 2016

Italy% of totalof which Womenof which Men
Permanent ¹98.5%60%40%
Temporary1.5%75%25%
Total2,428

¹ including apprentice contracts

France% of totalof which Womenof which Men
Permanent95.9%62%38%
Temporary4.1%79%21%
Total802

More common in Italy, part-time contracts are in any case more prevalent among women both in Italy and France.

Full time and part-time

Italy% of totalof which Womenof which Men
Full Time88%57%43%
Part Time12%84%16%

France% of totalof which Womenof which Men
Full Time94%61%39%
Part Time6%83%17%

Almost 5% of Italian employees and almost 4% of French employees enjoyed parental leave (a right granted to all employees, regardless of contract type), the majority of whom women (96% in Italy, 86% in France).

Parental leave 2016

ItalyMenWomenTotal
Employees with a right to parental leave ¹9701,4582,428
Employees who have enjoyed parental leave4106110
Employees gone back to work after parental leave399102
% of employees returning to work and retention after parental leave75%93%93%

¹ the headcounts at 31 December 2016 are reported to ensure consistency with the other tables in the chapter; it should be underlined that, as regards the employees that took parental leave, the total number includes those not covered by the end-of-year headcounts because of terminations/resignations.

FranceMenWomenTotal
Employees with a right to parental leave302500802
Employees who have enjoyed parental leave42529
Employees gone back to work after parental leave42428
% of employees returning to work and retention after parental leave100%96%97%